How to Delegate the Right Tasks to the Right People: Effective Management Skills for Leadership Success
Learning how to delegate effectively is the key to leveraging yourself and multiplying your value to your company. Delegation allows you to move from what you can do personally to what you can manage.
Delegation is one of the most important and effective management skills. Without the ability to delegate effectively, it is impossible for you to advance in management to higher positions of responsibility.
Develop Your Management Skills
Learning how to delegate is not only about maximizing your own productivity and value; it is also about maximizing the productivity of your staff. Your job as a manager is to get the highest return on the company’s investment in people.
The average person today is working at 50 percent of capacity. With effective management and delegation skills, you can tap into that unused 50-percent potential to increase your staff’s productivity.
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Your job as a manager is to develop people. Delegation is the means by which you bring out the very best in the people that you have.
The first step in learning how to delegate is to think through the job. Decide exactly what is to be done. What result do you want?
The second step in delegation is to set performance standards. How will you measure to determine whether the job has been done properly or not?
The third step is to determine a schedule and a deadline for getting the job done.
Effective Management through Task-Relevant Maturity
The task-relevant maturity of your staff—how long they have been on the job and how competent they are—determines your method of delegation.
Low task-relevant maturity means they are new and inexperienced in the job. In this case, use a directive delegation style. Tell people exactly what you want them to do.
Medium task-relevant maturity means staff has experience in the job; they know what they are doing. In this case, use the effective, management by objectives delegation method. Tell people the end result that you want and then get out of their way and let them do it.
High task-relevant maturity is when the staff person is completely experienced and competent. Your method of delegation in this case is simply, easy interaction.
How to Delegate the Right Tasks to the Right People
There are seven essentials for effective management and delegation:
1. Pick the right person. Picking the wrong person for a key task is a major reason for failure.
2. Match the requirements of the job to the abilities of the person. Be sure that the person you delegate the task to is capable of doing the job.
3. Delegate effectively to the right person. This frees you to do more things of higher value. The more of your essential tasks that you can teach and delegate to others, the greater the time you will have to do the things that only you can do.
4. Delegate smaller tasks to newer staff to build their confidence and competence.
5. Delegate the entire job. One hundred percent responsibility for a task is a major performance motivator. The more often you assign responsibilities to the right people, the more competent they become.
6. Delegate clear outcomes. Make them measurable. If you can’t measure it, you can’t manage it. Explain what is to be done, how you think it should be done, and the reasons for doing this job in the first place.
7. Delegate with participation and discussion. Invite questions and be open to suggestions. There is a direct relationship between how much people are invited to talk about the job and how much they understand it, accept it, and become committed to it. You need to delegate in such a way that people walk away feeling, ‘‘This is my job; I own it.’’
Delegate authority over the resources staff will need to fulfill the responsibility. Be clear about the time they have, the money they can spend, and the people they can call on to help them to do the job.
Practice management by exception when you delegate. Set clear goals, standards, and deadlines for the delegated task. A job without a deadline is merely a discussion. Then tell people to come back to you only if they have a problem. If they are on schedule and on budget, they do not need to report. You can assume that they have the job under control.
The key to growing your people is learning how to delegate and develop your effective management skills. When you learn how to delegate effectively with a few staff members, you will soon be given more people to delegate to, plus greater responsibilities, as a result of your delegation and effective management skills.
All managers with outstanding management skills are excellent delegators. In old-school thinking, people used to say that, ‘‘If you want the job done right, you have to do it yourself.’’
In new-school thinking, however, the correct statement is, ‘‘If you want the job done right, you have to learn how to delegate it properly so that it can be done to the proper standard’’ @BrianTracy Tweet This
Thank you for reading this post on how to delegate the right tasks to the right people. If you have any other tips on how to develop effective management skills to lead your team to success, please feel free to comment and share below!
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About Brian Tracy — Brian is recognized as the top sales training and personal success authority in the world today. He has authored more than 60 books and has produced more than 500 audio and video learning programs on sales, management, business success and personal development, including worldwide bestseller The Psychology of Achievement. Brian's goal is to help you achieve your personal and business goals faster and easier than you ever imagined. You can follow him on Google+, Twitter, Facebook, Pinterest, Linkedin and Youtube.